Springs

A spring is a water hole connected with taps, through which the water flows.
In the Old Town in Jerusalem, there are 4 distributed springs; most of them were built in the Ottoman era by Suleiman Al-Qanoni. The springs are Bab Al-Nather, Bab Assilsila, Sitna Mariam, and tareek Al-Wad Springs. All of them are malfunctioning and currently out of use.

  • Pick a point from the map
  • Al-Silsila Spring (Mahalat Bab Al-Silsila Spring)

    Landmark Location:
     Located in the road leading to the Al-Aqsa Mosque on the side of Al-Silsila gate, in the west of the door only a few meters away.

    Landmark History:
    Year 934 AH / 1536 AD.

    Reason of the name:
    Named like this because it is near Al-Silsila gate, "one of Al Aqsa Mosque gates".

    Builder Name:
     *Ottoman Sultan Suleiman Al Qanoni.

    Details of the shape:

    This spring considered as the richest baths, because it decorated with Islamic motifs and high-level architecture.
    -It consists of a water basin of 202 cm long and 25 cm high, with a tap for the flow of the water. After the restoration of the monuments in the 19th century, the basin was replaced by a royal Ottoman basin, the original moved to the Louvre in Paris in 1866.
    -Its front facade is similar to the gate rectangular, the sides had two columns topped by a prominent crown each of them, in a style known as “Al Moqrsana”, – a form consisting of hollow arches and vaults are consistent with each other-.
    -In the middle of the gate five roses with 13 benches, of which only nine remain, present above the inscription that mentions the name of the builder and the date of construction.
    -The inscription written in the Ottoman transcriptional handwriting.
    -At the top of the spring, there is an arch that has “Ifrieze”, – a prominent decorated bar with a geometrical shape according to its design -, curved and forms a tapered arch on the front of the whole road, on both sides’ two written words: “Waqf”, on the right side and “Islamic” on the left side.
    -At the end of the rectangular gate a bar ends with a spiral, the spring derives its water from a ground channel under the spring.

     

  • Bab Al Nazir Spring

    Landmark Location: Located at the junction of the valley leading to Bab al-Nazir.

    Landmark History:
    943 AH / 1536 AD.

    Reason of the name:
    Named as it is near of Bab Al Nazir, at the junction of the valley leading to it.

    Builder Name: Ottoman Sultan Suleiman Alqanuni.

    Details of the shape:
    -A rectangular geometric shape consisting of a basin at the bottom, to collect the water in, following it from the top an iron tool (Faucet), for opening and closing the tap.
    -Above it, the inscription written in the Ottoman Al thuluth handwriting.
    -The name of the builder and the date of construction mentioned above, and then at the top of the way held several arches in which the pictures of pink, geometric, and vegetative.
    -Forms about the bath there is an ornament of stone in a circle.

  • Road Of The valley

    Landmark Location: Located in the eastern side of the valley road, near the beginning of the Qattaneen market.

    Landmark History:(943 AH / 1536 AD).

    Reason of the name:
    Named in proportion to its location on the eastern side of the valley road.

    Builder Name: Ottoman Sultan Suleiman al-Qanuni.

    Details of the shape:

    It consists of a stone basin to collect water for passersby with a height of 50 cm and a length of 120 cm, In the middle, there is a water tap and this way takes its water from a common channel with the Al Ayin bath, which tap it to the south.

     

  • Bab Sitna Maryam Spring

    Landmark Location:
    Located 10 meters away from Bab Al Alasbat, which is located in the wall of the old town and in the northern side of the Mujahideen road adjacent to the school authority (Al Salahia).

    Landmark History:
    (943 AH / 1536 AD).

    Reason of the name:
    Named after its location near Bab Al Alasbat " Bab Sitna Maryam"

    Builder Name: Ottoman Sultan Suleiman Al Qanoni.

    Details of the shape:
    -The road characterized by its simple form devoid of decoration, the shape of the road was rectangular dimensions
    (0.70 × 3.75) m2.
    -The bath contains the inscription provides the name of the builder and the date of building in the transcriptional
    handwriting, but now it is missing and robbed of its place to conceal the ownership of the spring, which remains two lines of peace and blessings on the Messenger of Allah peace be upon him, and due to the loss of the original inscription of the avenue, the Department of Islamic Archeology put a new plate of the same content in 1982 documented by historical Islamic sources.
    -It also has a water-collecting basin but now unfortunately used as a waste dump.

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