Al-Aqsa Mosque has two sundials; one built in 1927 and the other is an old one that was built in 1809.
A sundial is a timepiece used to set the times according to the shadow of the sun, and it is considered one of the methods used to identify the prayers’ times.
One of the two sundials in Al-Aqsa Mosque is in the south (used to set Aduhr prayer), and the other is on one of the southwestern curves of the Dome of the Rock (used to set Al-Asr prayer).
Landmark Location: South of Al-Aqsa Mosque, the highest of the southern pillars.
Landmark Location relative to Dome of the rock: South of the Dome.
Reason of the name:
Its name came from its presence on the southern pillars.
Builder Name: Engineer Rushdi Imam - Member of the Supreme Islamic Council.
Details of the shape:
-8 meters above the ground, and was drilled on a marble piece in a geometric design with five unequal lengths (100 * 150 cm).
-It has carved lines that make up the clock and the time, in addition to a long 25 cm metal column that represents the main identifier in the sundial.
Additional Information about the landmark:
-It is located on the southern pillars which ascend from Al-Qibli Mosque to the Dome of the Rock, and it is used to determine the time of noon.
-How did people call for prayer in Al-Aqsa Mosque, in the past?
It was a common practice (until the middle of the last century) that the muezzin ascends to the top of the minaret in order to make his voice when calling for prayer reachable to the other regions.
-The lead muezzin used to give the other muezzins the signal using a flag, so that they all call for the prayer at the same time. In 1952, the first loudspeaker was installed on Al-Aqsa Mosque’s minarets so there was no longer a need for the muezzin ( who calls for the prayer ) to rise to the minaret and the call for the prayer.
An Overview of the Landmark:
A sundial is a solar clock located on top of the southern pillars, which was used in ancient times to determine the Asr prayer’s time, since the modern hours were not common yet. This mound is about eight meters high and has been drilled on a marble piece in a distinctive geometric shape with five unequal ribs, inscribed with lines representing the hour and its time. In addition to a 25 cm long metal column representing the main figure in the sundial. The sundial is considered one of the accurate clocks that depend on the constant sun motion in time calculation.
Landmark Location: On one side of Al-Aqsa Mosque.
Landmark Location relative to Dome of the rock: Above the dome of the rock.
1224 AH 1809 AD.
Builder Name: Mohammed Taher Abu su’ood.
These are found on the southwestern of the Rock, and are used to determine the start time of the Asr prayer.
An Overview of the Landmark:
It is a solar clock located on the south-western pole of the Dome of the Rock that was used in the old times to determine the start time of the Asr prayer, as the modern hours were not common yet. The sundial is one of the accurate clocks that depend on the constant sun motion in time calculation.